Role of artificial intelligence and machine learning in nanosafety
journal contributionposted on 04.02.2021, 02:10 authored by David WinklerDavid Winkler
© 2020 The Authors. Published by WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim Robotics and automation provide potentially paradigm shifting improvements in the way materials are synthesized and characterized, generating large, complex data sets that are ideal for modeling and analysis by modern machine learning (ML) methods. Nanomaterials have not yet fully captured the benefits of automation, so lag behind in the application of ML methods of data analysis. Here, some key developments in, and roadblocks to the application of ML methods are reviewed to model and predict potentially adverse biological and environmental effects of nanomaterials. This work focuses on the diverse ways a range of ML algorithms are applied to understand and predict nanomaterials properties, provides examples of the application of traditional ML and deep learning methods to nanosafety, and provides context and future perspectives on developments that are likely to occur, or need to occur in the near future that allow artificial intelligence to make a deeper contribution to nanosafety.
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Science & TechnologyPhysical SciencesTechnologyChemistry, MultidisciplinaryChemistry, PhysicalNanoscience & NanotechnologyMaterials Science, MultidisciplinaryPhysics, AppliedPhysics, Condensed MatterChemistryScience & Technology - Other TopicsMaterials SciencePhysicsadverse biological effectsartificial intelligencedeep learningmachine learningnanomaterialssafe-by-designMETAL-OXIDE NANOPARTICLESTABLE-BASED DESCRIPTORSNANOMATERIAL TOXICITYZNO NANOPARTICLESPROTEIN CORONAQSARCLASSIFICATIONCYTOTOXICITYDESIGNCDSE