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Building Modern States: Industrialization in Norway and Malaysia

thesis
posted on 2023-01-11, 12:58 authored by Leighton Vivian
This thesis sets out to apply a corrective to the views that modern state development is a result of war-making or solely a consequence of global capitalism. These and other perspectives on the state and its modern development have rarely directly engaged with industrialization as a unique form of economic change and as imperative to modern state development. Theories on the developmental state have come closest to identifying how industrialization as a process impacts upon and shapes state development. Industrialization has been the major imperative for the development of the modern Norwegian and Malaysian states in the twentieth century. Industrialization gave rise to powerful social organizations representing a range of interests. As industrial development proceeded, these organizations orientated toward the state. In turn, institutions of the modern state emerged and developed around the industrialization process and the problems and changes it produced. In both case studies, the state also managed industrialization as a political project. This project was carried out by the state attempting to variously regulate, direct or manage the key components of the industrialization process. These components included foreign investment, the banking sector and labour relations. Industrialization saw the state extend its control into areas of banking, capital flows and relations between key social groups. Modern state development in the twentieth century must be understood as a result of industrialization as an economic process and a political project by the state. Perspectives on modern state development must qualify accounts of war-making and capitalism to construct a more variable model. An approach that identifies key organizations as powerful social actors, must in addition understand the modern state as a powerful actor also. Industrialization builds the modern state with its many sites of power that increases regulation and management of economic processes.

History

Center or Department

School of Social Sciences.

Awarding institution

La Trobe University

Year Awarded

2008

Rights Statement

Vivian, Leighton. I hereby grant to the La Trobe University or its agents a non exclusive right to reproduce in the University Libraries archives and to communicate my thesis or dissertation in whole or in part and in all forms of media, now or hereafter known. I retain all proprietary rights, such as copyright and patent rights. I also retain the right to use in future works (such as articles or books) all or part of this thesis or dissertation.

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