La Trobe
AAM_621838_MacLean,S_2021.pdf (304.32 kB)
Download file

Who or what do young adults hold responsible for men's drunken violence?

Download (304.32 kB)
journal contribution
posted on 15.12.2021, 06:59 authored by Sarah MacLeanSarah MacLean, J Demant, Robin RoomRobin Room
Background: Men are more likely than women to perpetrate serious violence when they have consumed alcohol, but alcohol does not affect all men in the same way. This paper considers young adults’ attribution about agency (the capacity to act) in men's drunken violence. Methods: Interviews about alcohol use in night-time venues, streets or private parties were conducted with 60 young adults aged 18–24 in Melbourne, Australia, and analysed thematically. Participants included seven men who identified as having initiated violence when drunk. Results: Some interviewees stated that men chose to be violent, or that men's violence when they were drunk was purposeful and therefore involved some component of choice. However, much alcohol-related violence enacted by young men was understood (both by men who reported violence and by other young adults) as impelled by forces outside their control. These forces were: diffusely defined effects of drinking alcohol; proclivities of men and masculinity, and the interaction of alcohol and men's bodies to override capacity for judgement and produce an irresistible urge to fight. The latter was at times explained as caused by the mutually reinforcing actions of alcohol and testosterone, providing a particularly persuasive account of men's violence as biologically-determined. Conclusion: These categories encapsulate a set of discursive resources that contribute to the rationalisation, naturalisation and production of men's violence. Participants tended to regard alcohol, masculinities and testosterone as inciting violence predictably and consistently, suggesting that men themselves had relatively little agency over its occurrence. In contrast, research evidence indicates that these actors do not cause violence in any uniform way and that their effects are contingent on changing configurations of factors. Highlighting discrepancies between young adults’ understandings of responsibility for men's drunken violence, and those expressed in research, presents additional opportunities for intervention.

Funding

The Australian Research Council (LP 100100017), VicHealth and the Victorian Department of Health funded this research and Hume City Council, Yarra City Council and the Municipal Association of Victoria made in-kind contributions. Mutsumi Karasaki and Christine Siokou conducted some of the research interviews and David Moore provided insightful comments on a draft.

History

Publication Date

01/07/2020

Journal

International Journal of Drug Policy

Volume

81

Article Number

102520

Pagination

7p.

Publisher

Elsevier

ISSN

0955-3959

Rights Statement

The Author reserves all moral rights over the deposited text and must be credited if any re-use occurs. Documents deposited in OPAL are the Open Access versions of outputs published elsewhere. Changes resulting from the publishing process may therefore not be reflected in this document. The final published version may be obtained via the publisher’s DOI. Please note that additional copyright and access restrictions may apply to the published version.

Usage metrics

Categories

Exports