Treatment of Staphylococcus aureus skin infection in vivo using rifampicin loaded lipid nanoparticles
journal contributionposted on 12.01.2021, 05:30 by A Walduck, P Sangwan, QA Vo, Julian RatcliffeJulian Ratcliffe, J White, Benjamin MuirBenjamin Muir, N Tran
© The Royal Society of Chemistry 2020. We have previously reported on a novel nanoparticle formulation that was effective at killingStaphylococcus aureus in vitro. Here, we report for the first time, the antibacterial effects of a lipidic nano-carrier containing rifampicin (NanoRIF) which can be used to successfully treat Methicillin-ResistantS. aureus(MRSA) infection at a reduced antibiotic dosage compared to the free drug in a skin wound model in mice. The formulation used contains the lipid monoolein, a cationic lipidN-[1-(2,3-dioleoyloxy)propyl]-N,N,N-trimethylammonium methyl-sulfate (DOTAP) and the antibiotic. We have shown that rifampicin-loaded nanoparticles are more effective at treating infection in the skin wound model than the antibiotic alone. Cryo-TEM was used to capture for the first time, interactions of the formed nanoparticles with the cell wall of an individual bacterium. Our data strongly indicate enhanced binding of these charged nanoparticles with the negatively charged bacterial membrane. The efficacy we have now observedin vivois of significant importance for the continued development of nanomedicine-based strategies to combat antibiotic resistant bacterial skin infections.