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The role of dwelling type on food expenditure: a cross-sectional analysis of the 2015-2016 Australian Household Expenditure Survey
journal contributionposted on 21.12.2020, 00:40 by LH Oostenbach, KE Lamb, Fiona DangerfieldFiona Dangerfield, MP Poelman, S Kremers, L Thornton
© The Author(s), 2020. Published by Cambridge University Press on behalf of The Nutrition Society. Objective:To explore differences in proportion of food budget and total food expenditure by dwelling type.Design:A cross-sectional study using data from the Australian Bureau of Statistics 2015-2016 Household Expenditure Survey. Food expenditure was examined on multiple categories: fresh fruits, fresh vegetables, pre-prepared meals, meals in restaurants, hotels and clubs, and fast food and takeaway meals, using two-part models and zero-one inflated beta regression models. Dwelling types were categorised as separate house, semi-detached house, low-rise apartment and high-rise apartment.Setting:Australia, 2015-2016.Participants:Seven thousand three hundred and fifty-eight households from greater capital city areas.Results:Households living in high-rise apartments were estimated to allocate a greater proportion of their food budget to meals in restaurants, hotels and clubs, and to spend more (actual dollars) on that category, compared with other dwelling types. No substantial differences were estimated in the proportion of food budget allocated to the other food categories across dwelling types.Conclusions:The dwelling type households live in may play a role in their food budget. Households living in a high-rise apartment may potentially spend more on meals in restaurants, hotels and clubs than those living in other dwelling types. Given the growth in urban population and the changes in living arrangements, findings point to the critical need for a better understanding of the influence of dwelling types on food expenditure and call for research investigating the relationship between the two.