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The minzu net: China's fragmented national form (in Nations and Nationalism roundtable discussion on Chinese nationalism and national identity)

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posted on 2022-05-13, 04:28 authored by James LeiboldJames Leibold

Han majority nationalism poses a significant yet under-theorized challenge to state sovereignty and territorial integrity in China, especially in the era of the Internet. By shifting our focus from minority secessionist movements on the ground in Xinjiang and Tibet to a group of Han nationalists active in cyberspace, this article probes the friction between three distinct yet interrelated ideologies of spatiality in contemporary China: the processes and practices of state territorialization; counter-narratives and geographies of Han cybernationalism; and the transnational flows of the Sinophone Internet. It argues that the Internet empowers yet ultimately blunts the threat of Han nationalism, rendering it largely impotent when faced with the hegemony of state territorialization.

This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Carlson, A. R., Costa, A., Duara, P., Leibold, J., Carrico, K., Gries, P. H., Eto, N., Zhao, S., and Weiss, J. C. (2016) Nations and Nationalism roundtable discussion on Chinese nationalism and national identity. Nations and Nationalism, 22: 415– 446. doi: 10.1111/nana.12232, which has been published in final form at This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions. This article may not be enhanced, enriched or otherwise transformed into a derivative work, without express permission from Wiley or by statutory rights under applicable legislation. Copyright notices must not be removed, obscured or modified. The article must be linked to Wiley’s version of record on Wiley Online Library and any embedding, framing or otherwise making available the article or pages thereof by third parties from platforms, services and websites other than Wiley Online Library must be prohibited.


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Nations and Nationalism






6p. (p. 423-428)





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© The author(s) 2016. Nations and Nationalism © ASEN/John Wiley & Sons Ltd 2016