The gendered impacts of COVID-19 amidst agrarian distress: opportunities for comprehensive policy response in agrarian South Asia
journal contributionposted on 2021-02-18, 03:06 authored by CE Nichols, F Jalali, SS Ali, D Gupta, S Shrestha, Harry Fischer IVHarry Fischer IV
© 2020 The Author(s). Published by Cambridge University Press on behalf of The Women and Politics Research Section of the American Political Science Association. COVID-19 and its associated disease control measures have greatly altered everyday life. The burden of these challenges has fallen disproportionately on women. Drawing on qualitative inquiry in agrarian north India and Nepal, this research note analyzes how South Asian COVID-19 lockdowns have affected women's labor responsibilities in sometimes surprising ways. We find increased responsibilities for caregiving within the household, substantial stress in responding to food insecurity, and growing expectations to fulfill public roles in disease response measures. However, we also find that the return of male migrants and youth has, in some cases, reduced women's farming responsibilities and created opportunities for household togetherness at a time of great uncertainty. We conclude that more research is needed to examine the nuanced aspects of COVID-19's gendered labor impacts to create comprehensive policy responses to address the multiple and sometimes conflicting effects the lockdown has had on agrarian women's informal labor and well-being.