1199102_Chandel,A_2022.pdf (2.75 MB)
The Role of Soil Microbial Diversity in the Conservation of Native Seed Bacterial Microbiomes
journal contributionposted on 2022-05-04, 04:04 authored by Ankush Chandel, R Mann, J Kaur, S Norton, D Auer, Jacqueline EdwardsJacqueline Edwards, German SpangenbergGerman Spangenberg, Tim SawbridgeTim Sawbridge
Research into understanding the structure, composition and vertical transmission of crop seed microbiomes has intensified, although there is much less research into the seed microbiomes of crop wild relatives. Our previous study showed that the standard seed storage procedures (e.g., seed drying and storage temperature) can influence the seed microbiome of domesticated Glycine max. In this study, we characterized the seed microbiota of Glycine clandestina, a perennial wild relative of soybean (G. max (L.) Merr.) to expand our understanding about the effect of other storage procedures such as the periodic regeneration of seed stocks to bulk up seed numbers and secure viability on the seed microbiome of said seed. The G. clandestina microbiota was analysed from Generation 1 (G1) and Generation 2 (G2) seed and from mature plant organs grown in two different soil treatments T (treatment [native soil + potting mix]) and C (control [potting mix only]). Our dataset showed that soil microbiota had a strong influence on next generation seed microbiota, with an increased contribution of root microbiota by 90% and seed transmissibility by 36.3% in G2 (T) seed. Interestingly, the G2 seed microbiota primarily consisted of an initially low abundance of taxa present in G1 seed. Overall, our results indicate that seed regeneration can affect the seed microbiome composition and using native soil from the location of the source plant can enhance the conservation of the native seed microbiota.