Targeted Genome Sequencing (TG-Seq) Approaches to Detect Plant Viruses
journal contributionposted on 03.05.2021, 06:57 by S Maina, L Zheng, Brendan RodoniBrendan Rodoni
Globally, high-throughput sequencing (HTS) has been used for virus detection in germplasm certification programs. However, sequencing costs have impeded its implementation as a routine diagnostic certification tool. In this study, the targeted genome sequencing (TG-Seq) approach was developed to simultaneously detect multiple (four) viral species of; Pea early browning virus (PEBV), Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV), Bean yellow mosaic virus (BYMV) and Pea seedborne mosaic virus (PSbMV). TG-Seq detected all the expected viral amplicons within multiplex PCR (mPCR) reactions. In contrast, the expected PCR amplicons were not detected by gel electrophoresis (GE). For example, for CMV, GE only detected RNA1 and RNA2 while TG-Seq detected all the three RNA components of CMV. In an mPCR to amplify all four viruses, TG-Seq readily detected each virus with more than 732,277 sequence reads mapping to each amplicon. In addition, TG-Seq also detected all four amplicons within a 10-8 serial dilution that were not detectable by GE. Our current findings reveal that the TG-Seq approach offers significant potential and is a highly sensitive targeted approach for detecting multiple plant viruses within a given biological sample. This is the first study describing direct HTS of plant virus mPCR products. These findings have major implications for grain germplasm healthy certification programs and biosecurity management in relation to pathogen entry into Australia and elsewhere.