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Strain-transcending immune response generated by chimeras of the malaria vaccine candidate merozoite surface protein 2

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posted on 2023-01-24, 01:02 authored by B Krishnarjuna, D Andrew, CA MacRaild, RAV Morales, JG Beeson, Robin AndersRobin Anders, JS Richards, RS Norton
MSP2 is an intrinsically disordered protein that is abundant on the merozoite surface and essential to the parasite Plasmodium falciparum. Naturally-acquired antibody responses to MSP2 are biased towards dimorphic sequences within the central variable region of MSP2 and have been linked to naturally-acquired protection from malaria. In a phase IIb study, an MSP2-containing vaccine induced an immune response that reduced parasitemias in a strain-specific manner. A subsequent phase I study of a vaccine that contained both dimorphic forms of MSP2 induced antibodies that exhibited functional activity in vitro. We have assessed the contribution of the conserved and variable regions of MSP2 to the generation of a strain-transcending antibody response by generating MSP2 chimeras that included conserved and variable regions of the 3D7 and FC27 alleles. Robust anti-MSP2 antibody responses targeting both conserved and variable regions were generated in mice, although the fine specificity and the balance of responses to these regions differed amongst the constructs tested. We observed significant differences in antibody subclass distribution in the responses to these chimeras. Our results suggest that chimeric MSP2 antigens can elicit a broad immune response suitable for protection against different strains of P. falciparum.

Funding

This work was partially supported by the Indo-Australian Biotechnology fund (BF050053) and the National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia (APP1042520). RSN, JSR and JGB acknowledge fellowship support from the National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia.

History

Publication Date

2016-02-11

Journal

Scientific Reports

Volume

6

Issue

1

Article Number

20613

Pagination

12p.

Publisher

Nature Publishing Group

ISSN

2045-2322

Rights Statement

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