Standardized patients in pharmacy education: An integrative literature review
journal contributionposted on 23.02.2021, 05:17 by J Smithson, M Bellingan, B Glass, Jane Mills
ï¿½ 2015 The Authors. Background: The value of standardized patients in undergraduate health-related education is recognized broadly in the literature as it can improve patient safety, provides a nexus between theory and practice, can supplement limited placement experiences, and improves work readiness of graduates. Aim: This integrated review examines the evidence for the use of standardized patients as a teaching strategy in pharmacy education programs that prepare the graduate for initial registration as a pharmacist. Method: A systematic search of Scopus, CINHAL, PubMed, ProQuest, Science Direct, Medline, A+ Education, and ERIC of 2000-2013 was conducted, revealing 27 articles for inclusion into this review. Suitable articles were systematically analyzed to identify relevant data for this review. Results: Four themes relating to the use of standardized patients have emerged from the literature: student satisfaction, effectiveness to confer knowledge, skills and interprofessional practices, and its use in assessment and the cost of the educational intervention. Findings from this review show student acceptance for standardized patients as a teaching strategy, benefit for the technique in imparting knowledge and skills related to pharmacy, evidence to support the notion of standardized patients as a valid and reliable assessment tool and cost as a commonly identified barrier to the use of the teaching strategy. Conclusion: The use of standardized patients in pharmacy education is increasing. Standardized patients have been used to develop the essential knowledge, clinical skills, and professional attributes required for practice. Gaps in knowledge around transferability, scalability, and cost benefit of this technique still exist, and there is a need for pharmacy educators to address these gaps to justify this resource-intensive teaching method.