Size Constancy is Preserved but Afterimages are Prolonged in Typical Individuals with Higher Degrees of Self-Reported Autistic Traits
journal contributionposted on 2022-03-28, 04:42 authored by I Sperandio, Katy UnwinKaty Unwin, Oriane LandryOriane Landry, Philippe ChouinardPhilippe Chouinard
Deficits in perceptual constancies from early infancy have been proposed to contribute to autism and exacerbate its symptoms (Hellendoorn et al., Frontiers in Psychology 6:1–16, 2015). Here, we examined size constancy in adults from the general population (N = 106) with different levels of self-reported autistic traits using an approach based on negative afterimages. The afterimage strength, as indexed by duration and vividness, was also quantified. In opposition to the Hellendoorn and colleagues’ model, we were unable to demonstrate any kind of relationship between abilities in size constancy and autistic traits. However, our results demonstrated that individuals with higher degrees of autistic traits experienced more persistent afterimages. We discuss possible retinal and post-retinal explanations for prolonged afterimages in people with higher levels of autistic traits.
JournalJournal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Pagination13p. (p. 447-459)
Rights Statement© The Author(s) 2016. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.
Social SciencesPsychology, DevelopmentalPsychologyAdaptationAfterimageAutism spectrum quotientLight sensitivityPUPILLARY LIGHT REFLEXCOGNITIVE PHENOTYPEFUNCTIONING AUTISMASPERGER-SYNDROMEAFTER-IMAGESSPECTRUMCHILDRENQUOTIENTPARENTSATTENTIONAdolescentAdultAutistic DisorderFemaleHumansMalePhenotypePhotic StimulationSelf ReportSize PerceptionYoung AdultDevelopmental & Child Psychology