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Sectoral output, energy use, and CO2 emission in middle-income countries

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posted on 2023-04-19, 23:19 authored by Kazi Sohag, Md Al MamunMd Al Mamun, Gazi Salah Uddin, Ali M Ahmed
Middle-income countries are currently undergoing massive structural changes towards more industrialized economies. In this paper, we carefully examine the impact of these transformations on the environmental quality of middle-income countries. Specifically, we examine the role of sector value addition to GDP on CO2 emission nexus for middle-income economies controlling for the effects of population growth, energy use, and trade openness. Using recently developed panel methods that consider cross-sectional dependence and allow for heterogeneous slope coefficients, we show that energy use and growth of industrial and service sectors positively explain CO2 emissions in middle-income economies. We also find that population growth is insignificantly associated with CO2 emission. Hence, our paper provides a solid ground for developing a sustainable and pro-growth policy for middle-income countries.

Funding

Gazi Salah Uddin is grateful for the financial support from Jan Wallanders and the Tom Hedelius Foundation.

History

Publication Date

2017-04-01

Journal

Environmental Science and Pollution Research

Volume

24

Issue

10

Pagination

11p. (p. 9754-9764)

Publisher

Springer

ISSN

0944-1344

Rights Statement

© The Author(s) 2017.This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

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