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Sarcopenia, diet, physical activity and obesity in European middle-aged and older adults: the LifeAge study

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posted on 25.01.2021, 02:00 by PJ Marcos-Pardo, N González-Gálvez, A López-Vivancos, A Espeso-García, LM Martínez-Aranda, GM Gea-García, FJ Orquín-Castrillón, A Carbonell-Baeza, JD Jiménez-García, D Velázquez-Díaz, C Cadenas-Sanchez, E Isidori, C Fossati, F Pigozzi, L Rum, C Norton, Audrey TierneyAudrey Tierney, I Äbelkalns, A Klempere-Sipjagina, J Porozovs, H Hannola, N Niemisalo, L Hokka, D Jiménez-Pavón, R Vaquero-Cristóbal
© 2020 by the authors. Li-censee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. The revised European consensus defined sarcopenia as a progressive and generalized skeletal muscle disorder that is associated with an increased likelihood of adverse outcomes including falls, fractures, physical disability and mortality. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of sarcopenia and analyse the influence of diet, physical activity (PA) and obesity index as risk factors of each criteria of sarcopenia. A total of 629 European middle-aged and older adults were enrolled in this cross-sectional study. Anthropometrics were assessed. Self-reported PA and adherence to the Mediterranean diet were evaluated with the Global Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ) and Prevention with Mediterranean Diet questionnaire (PREDIMED), respectively. The functional assessment included handgrip strength, lower body muscle strength, gait speed and agility/dynamic balance. Of the participants, 4.84% to 7.33% showed probable sarcopenia. Sarcopenia was confirmed in 1.16% to 2.93% of participants. Severe sarcopenia was shown by 0.86% to 1.49% of participants. Male; age group ≤65 years; lower body mass index (BMI); high levels of vigorous PA; and the consumption of more than one portion per day of red meat, hamburgers, sausages or cold cuts and/or preferential consumption of rabbit, chicken or turkey instead of beef, pork, hamburgers or sausages (OR = 0.126–0.454; all p < 0.013) resulted as protective factors, and more time of sedentary time (OR = 1.608–2.368; p = 0.032–0.041) resulted as a risk factor for some criteria of sarcopenia. In conclusion, age, diet, PA, and obesity can affect the risk of having low muscle strength, low muscle mass or low functional performance, factors connected with sarcopenia.

Funding

Project “Promoting the shift sedentary Lifestyle towards active Ageing—LifeAge” (code: 603121-EPP-1-2018-1-ES-SPO-SCP), subsidized in the 2018 by Erasmus + Sport Programme from European Union.

History

School

  • School of Allied Health

Publication Date

01/01/2021

Journal

Nutrients

Volume

13

Issue

1

Article Number

8

Pagination

23p. (p. 1-23)

Publisher

MDPI

ISSN

2072-6643

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The Author reserves all moral rights over the deposited text and must be credited if any re-use occurs. Documents deposited in OPAL are the Open Access versions of outputs published elsewhere. Changes resulting from the publishing process may therefore not be reflected in this document. The final published version may be obtained via the publisher’s DOI. Please note that additional copyright and access restrictions may apply to the published version.

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