Rhizosphere priming of two near-isogenic wheat lines varying in citrate efflux under different levels of phosphorus supply
© The Author(s) 2019.
Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Annals of Botany Company.
Backgrounds and Aims The rhizosphere priming effect (RPE) has been explained from the perspective of microbial responses to root exudates and nutrient availability. This study introduced a chemical process that could also contribute to RPE: root exudates (organic acid ligands) could liberate mineral-protected carbon (C) in soil for microbial degradation. • Methods Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) near-isogenic lines varying in citrate efflux were grown for 6 weeks in a C4 soil supplied with either low (10 μg g–1) or high P (40 μg g–1). Total below-ground CO2 was trapped and partitioned for determination of soil organic C decomposition and RPE using a stable isotopic tracing technique. Mineral dissolution was examined by incubating soil with citric ligand at a series of concentrations. • Key Results High P increased RPE (81 %), shoot (32 %) and root biomass (57 %), root-derived CO2-C (20 %), microbial biomass C (28 %) and N (100%), soil respiration (20 %) and concentrations of water-extractable P (30 %), Fe (43 %) and Al (190 %), but decreased inorganic N in the rhizosphere. Compared with Egret-Burke, wheat line Egret-Burke TaMATE1B with citrate efflux had lower inorganic N, microbial biomass C (16 %) and N (30 %) in the rhizosphere but greater RPE (18 %), shoot biomass (12 %) and root-derived CO2-C (low P 36 %, high P 13 %). Egret-Burke TaMATE1B also had higher concentrations of water-extractable P, Fe and Al in the rhizosphere, indicating the release of mineral-protected C. In addition, citrate ligand facilitated Fe and Al release from soil, with their concentrations rising with increasing ligand concentration and incubation time. • Conclusions While high P supply increased microbial growth and RPE possibly due to higher total root exudation, citrate efflux from the root might have facilitated the liberation of mineral-bound C, leading to the higher RPE under Egret-Burke TaMATE1B. Mineral dissolution may be an important process that regulates RPE and should be considered in future RPE research.
JournalAnnals of Botany
Pagination10p. (p. 1033-1042)
PublisherOxford University Press
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Science & TechnologyLife Sciences & BiomedicinePlant SciencesC-13 natural abundancemineral dissolutionisogenic linesorganic acid ligandrhizosphere priming effectroot exudatesstable isotopeORGANIC-MATTER DECOMPOSITIONSOIL MICROBIAL BIOMASSEXTRACTION METHODCARBON INPUTWHITE LUPINROOTPLANTNITROGENQUANTIFICATIONMECHANISMS13C natural abundanceCitric AcidPhosphorusPlant RootsRhizosphereSoilTriticumPlant Biology & Botany