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Psychosocial Adversity in Early Childhood and Language and Literacy Skills in Adolescence: The Role of Speech-Language Pathology in Prevention, Policy, and Practice

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posted on 12.04.2021, 00:18 by Pamela SnowPamela Snow
Purpose This clinical focus article outlines key forms of childhood maltreatment (various types of abuse and neglect) and their co-occurrence with other developmental risk factors, such as parental poverty, living in crime-prone communities, and disrupted educational experiences, to focus on their implications for language and literacy skills in adolescence. Children exposed to psychosocial adversity early in life experience a range of poor outcomes in adolescence, relative to their typically developing peers, and language and literacy skills are particularly vulnerable skill sets in the face of this adversity. Conclusions The continuum from disrupted schooling to child protection and youth justice involvement is emphasized, and the expanding scope of practice for speech-language pathology at all stages of prevention, assessment, and intervention is outlined. Greater advocacy by speech-language pathologists is needed so that policy makers and practitioners in other service sectors have a better appreciation of the importance of language and literacy skills in early life.

History

Publication Date

03/12/2020

Journal

Perspectives of the ASHA Special Interest Groups

Pagination

9p. (p. 1-9)

Publisher

American Speech Language Hearing Association

ISSN

2381-4764

Rights Statement

The Author reserves all moral rights over the deposited text and must be credited if any re-use occurs. Documents deposited in OPAL are the Open Access versions of outputs published elsewhere. Changes resulting from the publishing process may therefore not be reflected in this document. The final published version may be obtained via the publisher’s DOI. Please note that additional copyright and access restrictions may apply to the published version.

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