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Psychometric evaluation of the Indonesian version of the Person-centered Care Assessment Tool.

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posted on 2024-02-06, 23:48 authored by Woro Mustika Weni, Megumi Shimizu, Chiaki Ando-Ohmura, Yuki Ohashi, David EdvardssonDavid Edvardsson, Annica Backman, Rebecca Baxter, Noortje KloosNoortje Kloos, Akiko Ozaki
Background: The number of Indonesian care staff working in hospitals and long-term care facilities caring for persons with dementia in Japan is increasing; however, there is no instrument available in the Indonesian language to assess their dementia care practice. Objectives: This study aimed to translate the Person-centered Care Assessment Tool (P-CAT) and evaluate its psychometric properties in a sample of Indonesian care staff working in dementia care and long-term care facilities in Japan. Methods: This is a descriptive, methodological, and cross-sectional study. The P-CAT was translated into the Indonesian language. The draft was administered to Indonesian care staff (n = 218) working at long-term care facilities in Japan. Data were analysed using exploratory factor analysis (EFA), confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), known-group validity, internal consistency, and test–retest reliability. Results: EFA showed three-factor and CFA of the three-factor indicated that the model had an acceptable fit (chi-squared statistics/degree of freedom = 1.78, comparative fit index = 0.94, root mean square error of approximation = 0.06) with a slightly different structure compared to the original P-CAT. Regarding known-group validity, the P-CAT total score was significantly higher for those who had training in dementia, who knew about person-centred care, and who showed satisfaction in the job. Internal consistency (Cronbach's α) of the total scale was 0.68 which is considered acceptable, and the test–retest reliability intraclass correlation coefficient was 0.61 which is considered moderate. Conclusion: The Indonesian P-CAT indicated sound validity and reliability to measure person-centred care among Indonesian care staff working in dementia care and long-term care facilities in Japan. Implication for Practice: The development of Indonesian P-CAT allows the evaluation of dementia care, promotes and further improves person-centred care for persons with dementia provided by Indonesian care staff working in long-term care facilities in Japan.


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International Journal of Older People Nursing





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© 2023 The Authors. International Journal of Older People Nursing published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs License, which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.

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