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Proteome profiling of exosomes derived from human primary and metastatic colorectal cancer cells reveal differential expression of key metastatic factors and signal transduction components
journal contributionposted on 12.03.2021, 06:58 by H Ji, David GreeningDavid Greening, TW Barnes, JW Lim, BJ Tauro, A Rai, Rong Xu, Christopher AddaChristopher Adda, Suresh MathivananSuresh Mathivanan, W Zhao, Y Xue, T Xu, HJ Zhu, Richard SimpsonRichard Simpson
Exosomes are small extracellular 40-100 nm diameter membrane vesicles of late endosomal origin that can mediate intercellular transfer of RNAs and proteins to assist premetastatic niche formation. Using primary (SW480) and metastatic (SW620) human isogenic colorectal cancer cell lines we compared exosome protein profiles to yield valuable insights into metastatic factors and signaling molecules fundamental to tumor progression. Exosomes purified using OptiPrep™ density gradient fractionation were 40-100 nm in diameter, were of a buoyant density ∼1.09 g/mL, and displayed stereotypic exosomal markers TSG101, Alix, and CD63. A major finding was the selective enrichment of metastatic factors (MET, S100A8, S100A9, TNC), signal transduction molecules (EFNB2, JAG1, SRC, TNIK), and lipid raft and lipid raft-associated components (CAV1, FLOT1, FLOT2, PROM1) in exosomes derived from metastatic SW620 cells. Additionally, using cryo-electron microscopy, ultrastructural components in exosomes were identified. A key finding of this study was the detection and colocalization of protein complexes EPCAM-CLDN7 and TNIK-RAP2A in colorectal cancer cell exosomes. The selective enrichment of metastatic factors and signaling pathway components in metastatic colon cancer cell-derived exosomes contributes to our understanding of the cross-talk between tumor and stromal cells in the tumor microenvironment. © 2013 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
This work was supported by the National Health & Medical Research Council of Australia (NH&MRC) program grant #487922 (R.J.S., D. W. G., J.H.). B.J.T. is supported by a University of Melbourne Research Scholarship. S. M. was supported by a NH&MRC Fellowship # 1016599. Analysis of proteomic data described in this work was supported by the Australian Proteomics Computational Facility funded by the NH&MRC grant #381413. This work was supported by funds from the Operational Infrastructure Support Program provided by the Victorian Government Australia. We acknowledge the Australian Cancer Research Foundation for providing funds to purchase the Orbitrap (TM) mass spectrometer.
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Science & TechnologyLife Sciences & BiomedicineBiochemical Research MethodsBiochemistry & Molecular BiologyCell biologyExosomesMetastasisProtein complexSecretomeCancerLIPID RAFTSTUMOR MICROENVIRONMENTGROWTH-FACTORSTEM-CELLSQUANTITATIVE PROTEOMICSEXTRACELLULAR VESICLESCOLONPROTEINSNICHEMICROVESICLESCell Line, TumorMembrane MicrodomainsEndothelial CellsAnimalsHumansMiceColorectal NeoplasmsNeoplasm MetastasisProtein-Serine-Threonine Kinasessrc-Family KinasesIntercellular Signaling Peptides and ProteinsEphrin-B2Calcium-Binding ProteinsCalgranulin ACalgranulin BMembrane ProteinsProteomeTenascinSignal TransductionCell ProliferationErbB ReceptorsJagged-1 ProteinSerrate-Jagged ProteinsGerminal Center Kinases