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Population norms for the EQ-5D-3L in China derived from the 2013 National Health Services Survey

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journal contribution
posted on 19.04.2021, 05:45 by Q Yao, Chaojie Liu, Y Zhang, L Xu
Background EQ-5D-3L is one of the most commonly used instruments for assessing health-related quality of life and cost-utility analyses, but it is not yet available in China. This study aims to develop population norms for the EQ-5D-3L in China in order to encourage appropriate use and interpretation of the EQ-5D-3L instrument. Methods Data were extracted from the 2013 National Health Services Survey on a nationally representative sample of 188 720 participants. The utility index based on the 2018 Chinese preference-based value sets were calculated for the participants with different demographic and socio-economic characteristics. Differences in reported problems and visual analogue scale (VAS) and utility index scores were tested using a logistic, linear and tobit regression model, respectively. Results The Chinese respondents were less likely to report problems on the EQ-5D dimensions compared with most populations in other countries. Pain/discomfort was the most commonly reported problem (12.6%). This resulted in a high ceiling effect (84.19%) on the utility index and high mean scores for the utility index (0.985 ± 0.056) and VAS (80.91 ± 13.74) in the Chinese population. Those who were younger, better educated, employed, married, had no illness condition, lived in a more developed region and had a higher income obtained higher scores in both VAS and utility index. The VAS and utility index scores were also associated with gender, residency and lifestyles, but not always in a consistent way. Male and rural residents had a higher VAS score but not in the utility index compared with their female and urban counterparts. Conclusions This study provides national population norms for the EQ-5D-3L based on the 2018 Chinese preference-based value sets. The norms can be used as a reference for health evaluation studies. Cautions need to be taken for presenting and interpreting the utility index results given the high ceiling effect of the EQ-5D-3L instrument.

History

Publication Date

11/02/2021

Journal

Journal of Global Health

Volume

11

Article Number

08001

Pagination

15p.

Publisher

International Global Health Society

ISSN

2047-2978

Rights Statement

The Author reserves all moral rights over the deposited text and must be credited if any re-use occurs. Documents deposited in OPAL are the Open Access versions of outputs published elsewhere. Changes resulting from the publishing process may therefore not be reflected in this document. The final published version may be obtained via the publisher’s DOI. Please note that additional copyright and access restrictions may apply to the published version.

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