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42389_Carrasco-Ramirez,P_2016.pdf (7.25 MB)

Podoplanin is a component of extracellular vesicles that reprograms cell-derived exosomal proteins and modulates lymphatic vessel formation

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posted on 05.08.2021, 08:01 by P Carrasco-Ramirez, David GreeningDavid Greening, G Andres, SK Gopal, E Martin-Villar, J Renart, Richard SimpsonRichard Simpson, M Quintanilla
Podoplanin (PDPN) is a transmembrane glycoprotein that plays crucial roles in embryonic development, the immune response, and malignant progression. Here, we report that cells ectopically or endogenously expressing PDPN release extracellular vesicles (EVs) that contain PDPN mRNA and protein. PDPN incorporates into membrane shed microvesicles (MVs) and endosomal-derived exosomes (EXOs), where it was found to colocalize with the canonical EV marker CD63 by immunoelectron microscopy. We have previously found that expression of PDPN in MDCK cells induces an epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). Proteomic profiling of MDCK-PDPN cells compared to control cells shows that PDPN-induced EMT is associated with upregulation of oncogenic proteins and diminished expression of tumor suppressors. Proteomic analysis of exosomes reveals that MDCK-PDPN EXOs were enriched in protein cargos involved in cell adhesion, cytoskeletal remodeling, signal transduction and, importantly, intracellular trafficking and EV biogenesis. Indeed, expression of PDPN in MDCK cells stimulated both EXO and MV production, while knockdown of endogenous PDPN in human HN5 squamous carcinoma cells reduced EXO production and inhibited tumorigenesis. EXOs released from MDCK-PDPN and control cells both stimulated in vitro angiogenesis, but only EXOs containing PDPN were shown to promote lymphatic vessel formation. This effect was mediated by PDPN on the surface of EXOs, as demonstrated by a neutralizing specific monoclonal antibody. These results contribute to our understanding of PDPN-induced EMT in association to tumor progression, and suggest an important role for PDPN in EV biogenesis and/or release and for PDPN-EXOs in modulating lymphangiogenesis.


This work was supported by grants SAF2013-46183-R from the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness and S2010/BMD-2359 (SkinModel) from the Community of Madrid (to MQ). Further support from the National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia Program, grant 487922 and project grant 1057741 (to RJS). PC-R is funded by the Spanish FPI (Formacion de Personal Investigador) program. SKG is supported by La Trobe University Postgraduate Scholarship, Australia. EM-V is the recipient of a postdoctoral research contract from the scientific foundation of AECC (Asociacion Espanola Contra el Cancer). We acknowledge the La Trobe University-Comprehensive Proteomics Platform for providing infrastructure and expertise for Capability A: Protein Identification & Quantitation.


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