865140_Walker,JA_2020.pdf (2.93 MB)
Pivots of the Caribbean? Low-back vowels in Eastern Caribbean English
journal contributionposted on 2020-11-19, 22:43 authored by James WalkerJames Walker, M Meyerhoff
© 2020 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston 2020. Resolving the convergence of low-back vowels in English constitutes a pivot with repercussions for the rest of the vowel system. We consider how speakers on an eastern Caribbean island co-opt the inherent variability of vowel systems to differentiate themselves. Examining the vowels of Bequia English (St. Vincent and the Grenadines) shows the main source of variation to lie in the position and duration of four low back vowels (cloth, lot, palm, thought), which do not act as the same pivot point for realignment of the vowel space as in North American English. The crucial distinction between transmission and diffusion lies at the heart of our findings: principles of language change derived from varieties characterized by transmission may differ from principles associated with histories of diffusion central to many contact and creole varieties.
- School of Humanities and Social Sciences