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Perceived Quality of Traditional Chinese Medicine Care in Community Health Services: A Cross-Sectional Survey in Hangzhou of China

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posted on 2022-10-21, 05:10 authored by X Zhang, J Ren, L Sun, Chaojie LiuChaojie Liu
Background. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is an integral part of the mainstream health care system in China. Public community health services are required by the government to deliver TCM services. This study aimed to assess patient perceived quality of TCM care in community health services. Methods. A cross-sectional questionnaire survey was conducted on 471 TCM users in four community health centers in Hangzhou. Respondents were asked to rate their experiences on a Likert scale about tangibility, reliability, responsiveness, assurance and empathy of the TCM services they received. Linear regression models were established to determine the sociodemographic and services factors associated with the ratings. Results. Average ratings on the five aspects of the TCM care ranged from 78 to 88 out of a possible 100, with assurance attracting the highest and empathy attracting the lowest score. Overall, higher perceived quality of TCM care (except for assurance) was associated with a choice of TCM in preference to western medicine. Those who reported higher cost (≥100 yuan) of TCM care rated higher on responsiveness and empathy of the care. But higher frequency of visits to community TCM services was associated with lower ratings on reliability, assurance and empathy. Those who received two or more TCM modalities also perceived lower tangible care. In addition, higher ratings on reliability and responsiveness were found in women. The respondents with a university qualification gave higher ratings on reliability and responsiveness; by contrast, those with a highest education of senior high school rated lower on assurance and empathy. Lower perceived tangibility and assurance was also associated with rural residency. Compared with those working in the public sector, the respondents from the retail and services sector gave a higher rating on assurance but a lower rating on empathy. Conclusion. Overall, the TCM users perceived high quality of TCM care in community health services in Hangzhou. However, there is a need to further improve TCM care from all quality perspectives in order to attract and maintain consumer trust in TCM.


National Natural Science Foundation of China (71874047); Fundamental Public Welfare Research Project of Zhejiang Province (LGF21G030003).


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Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine



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Hindawi Limited



Rights Statement

© 2022 Xinyu Zhang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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