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Patterns of group home culture in organisations supporting people with intellectual disabilities: A cross-sectional study

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posted on 2022-08-31, 05:53 authored by Lincoln HumphreysLincoln Humphreys, Christine BigbyChristine Bigby, Teresa IaconoTeresa Iacono, Emma BouldEmma Bould

BACKGROUND: Organisational culture in group homes for people with intellectual disabilities has been identified as an influence on service delivery and staff behaviour. The aim was to examine patterns of culture across group homes in disability organisations.

METHOD: The Group Home Culture Scale (GHCS) was used to measure staff perceptions of culture. Data were available from 260 staff who worked across 58 group homes managed by eight organisations. Using scatterplots and measures of dispersion, the scores on the seven GHCS subscales were examined for patterns of integrated (i.e., similarities) and differentiated (i.e., variability) culture within the organisations.


Patterns of differentiated culture were found in six organisations for one or more GHCS subscales. Patterns of integrated culture were found in three organisations for one subscale. In two organisations, patterns of both integrated and differentiated culture were found.

CONCLUSIONS: The findings contribute to the conceptualisation of and research into organisational culture in group homes, with implications for changing and maintaining culture.


This work was supported by a La Trobe University Postgraduate Research Scholarship.


Publication Date



Journal of Intellectual & Developmental Disability






13p. (p. 252-264)


Informa UK Limited



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© 2021 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives License (, which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, and is not altered, transformed, or built upon in any way.

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