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Oral health and cardiovascular care: Perceptions of people with cardiovascular disease

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journal contribution
posted on 29.03.2022, 00:55 authored by P Sanchez, B Everett, Y Salamonson, S Ajwani, S Bhole, J Bishop, K Lintern, S Nolan, R Rajaratnam, J Redfern, M Sheehan, F Skarligos, L Spencer, R Srinivas, Ajesh GeorgeAjesh George
Main objective: The aim of this study was to explore the perception of patients with cardiovascular disease towards oral health and the potential for cardiac care clinicians to promote oral health. Method: A needs assessment was undertaken with twelve patients with cardiovascular disease attending cardiac rehabilitation between 2015 and 2016, in three metropolitan hospitals in Sydney, Australia. These patients participated in face-to-face semi-structured interviews. Data was analysed using thematic analysis. Results: Results suggested that while oral health was considered relevant there was high prevalence of poor oral health among participants, especially those from socioeconomic disadvantaged background. Awareness regarding the importance of oral health care its impact on cardiovascular outcomes was poor among participants. Oral health issues were rarely discussed in the cardiac setting. Main barriers deterring participants from seeking oral health care included lack of awareness, high cost of dental care and difficulties in accessing the public dental service. Findings also revealed that participants were interested in receiving further information about oral health and suggested various mediums for information delivery. The concept of cardiac care clinicians, especially nurses providing education, assessment and referrals to ongoing dental care was well received by participants who felt the post-acute period was the most appropriate time to receive oral health care advice. The issues of oral health training for non-dental clinicians and how to address existing barriers were highlighted by participants. Relevance to clinical practice: The lack of oral health education being provided to patients with cardiovascular disease offers an opportunity to improve care and potentially, outcomes. In view of the evidence linking poor oral health with cardiovascular disease, cardiac care clinicians, especially nurses, should be appropriately trained to promote oral health in their practice. Affordable and accessible dental care services for people with cardiovascular disease should be considered and offered by health services in Australia.

Funding

This study was supported by an Australian Postgraduate Award PhD scholarship through Western Sydney University. JR is funded by a NHMRC Career Development Fellowship (1061793) co-funded with a National Heart Foundation Future Fellowship (G160523).

History

Publication Date

20/07/2017

Journal

PLoS ONE

Volume

12

Issue

7

Article Number

e0181189

Pagination

17p.

Publisher

PLOS

ISSN

1932-6203

Rights Statement

© 2017 Sanchez et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.