Optical barcoding using polarisation sensitive plasmonic biosensors for the detection of self-assembled monolayers
journal contributionposted on 2022-10-11, 03:59 authored by Eugeniu BalaurEugeniu Balaur, Catherine Sadatnajafi, Brian AbbeyBrian Abbey
Periodic subwavelength apertures have the ability to passively detect variations in the dielectric properties of the local sample environment through modification of the plasmon resonances associated with these structures. The resulting resonance peak can effectively provide a ‘fingerprint’ indicative of the dielectric properties of the medium within the near-surface region. Here we report on the use of bimodal silver-based plasmonic colour filters for molecular sensing. Firstly, by exploring the optical output of these devices as a function of the incident polarisation for a range of different analytes of known refractive index, we were able to both maximise and quantify their sensitivity. We then apply this concept to the real-time monitoring of the formation of self-assembled monolayers based on detection of the optical output using a spectrometer. This highlights the potential for bimodal plasmonic devices to be able to dynamically monitor variations in the local environment down to the level of single molecules without the need for specific functionalisation or labelling. Advantages of using this technique include the ability for these devices to be miniaturised and to dynamically tailor their optical output permitting the analysis of very small sample volumes and maximise their dynamic range for a specific analyte.