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Matrix Metalloproteinase-3 (MMP-3) Polymorphisms are Associated with Prolonged ECG-Derived QTc Interval: A Cross-Sectional Study of the Australian Rural Population

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posted on 2021-09-28, 00:35 authored by Y Lu, N Ussher, Y Zhou, H Jelinek, B Hambly, Amy LiAmy Li, CS McLachlan
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are enzymes that are integral in extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling. In age or disease, ECM may become dysregulated and contribute to fibrosis, which impairs cardiac electrical conduction. Two alleles regulate matrix metalloproteinase-3 (MMP-3) activity: one with five adenosine bases (5A; associated with higher MMP-3 activity and decreased fibrosis) and another with six adenosine bases (6A; associated with lower MMP-3 activity and increased fibrosis). Here, we determined whether ECG-derived QTc and related parameters are associated with the MMP-3 5A/6A genotype in a cross-section of the Australian rural population. A retrospective cross-sectional population was obtained from the Charles Sturt University Diabetes Screening Research Initiative. Genotype and resting 12-lead ECG parameters of 295 participants were analyzed. Amongst these participants, 85 individuals carried the 5A/5A genotype, 141 individuals carried the 5A/6A genotype, and 65 individuals carried the 6A/6A genotype. Compared to 5A/5A genotype carriers, 5A/6A genotype carriers had a significantly longer QTc duration by 9.50 ms (95% CI: 3.48-15.52, p = 0.002), whilst 6A/6A genotype carriers had an even longer QTc duration by 12.19 ms (95% CI: 5.04-19.34, p = 0.001). We found an association between MMP-3 5A/6A polymorphisms and QTc, independent of adjustments for age, gender, alcohol consumption, smoking status, body mass index and blood pressure.

History

Publication Date

2021-08-01

Journal

Journal of Personalized Medicine

Volume

11

Issue

8

Article Number

705

Pagination

9p.

Publisher

MDPI

ISSN

2075-4426

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The Author reserves all moral rights over the deposited text and must be credited if any re-use occurs. Documents deposited in OPAL are the Open Access versions of outputs published elsewhere. Changes resulting from the publishing process may therefore not be reflected in this document. The final published version may be obtained via the publisher’s DOI. Please note that additional copyright and access restrictions may apply to the published version.

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