Lumacaftor/ivacaftor-associated health stabilisation in adults with severe cystic fibrosis
journal contributionposted on 25.03.2021, 03:26 by Susannah KingSusannah King, Dominic Keating, Elyssa Williams, Eldho Paul, Brigitte M Borg, Felicity Finlayson, Brenda M Button, John W Wilson, Tom Kotsimbos
IntroductionLumacaftor/ivacaftor (LUM/IVA) has been shown to improve clinical outcomes in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients homozygous for Phe508del with forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) % pred >40%. We assessed the clinical utility of LUM/IVA in all eligible adult CF patients with FEV1 % pred <40% treated for at least 1 year under a single-centre managed access programme.MethodsFollowing clinical optimisation, eligible patients (n=40) with FEV1 % pred <40% were commenced on LUM/IVA and monitored for tolerance and clinical outcomes, including health service utilisation, pulmonary function, weight and body composition. 24 patients reached 1 year of treatment by the time of evaluation. Six patients discontinued due to adverse events (five for increased airways reactivity) and three underwent lung transplantation.ResultsIn comparison with the year prior to LUM/IVA commencement, significant reductions (median per year) were observed in the treatment year in the number of pulmonary exacerbations requiring hospitalisation (from 3 to 1.5; p=0.0002), hospitalisation days (from 27 to 17; p=0.0002) and intravenous antibiotic (IVAB) usage days (from 45 to 27; p=0.0007). Mean±sd change in FEV1 % pred was −2.10±1.18% per year in the year prior, with the decline reversed in the year following (+1.45±1.13% per year; p=0.035), although there was significant heterogeneity in individual responses. Mean±sd weight gain at 1 year was 2.5±4.1 kg (p=0.0007), comprising mainly fat mass (mean 2.2 kg). The proportion of patients severely underweight (body mass index <18.5 kg·m−2) decreased from 33% at baseline to 13% at 1 year (p=0.003).ConclusionThis real-world evaluation study demonstrated benefits over several clinical domains (infective exacerbations requiring hospitalisation, IVABs, pulmonary function decline and nutritional parameters) in CF patients with severe lung disease.