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Large-Eddy Simulation of Airflow and Pollutant Dispersion in a Model Street Canyon Intersection of Dhaka City

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posted on 2022-07-12, 04:18 authored by Sheikh Hassan, Umma Habiba Akter, Preetom Nag, Md Mamun Molla, Amirul Khan, MD Farhad HasanMD Farhad Hasan
The atmospheric flow and dispersion of traffic exhaust were numerically studied in this work while considering a model street canyon intersection of a city. The finite volume method (FVM)-based large-eddy simulation (LES) technique in line with ANSYS Fluent have been used for flow and pollutant dispersion modelling through the consideration of the atmospheric boundary layer (ABL). Hexahedral elements are considered for computational domain discretization in order to numerically solve problems using FVM-LES. The turbulence parameters were superimposed through a spectral synthesizer in the existing LES model through ANSYS Fluent as part of ’damage control’ due to the unsteady k−ϵ simulation. Initially, the code is validated with an experimental study of an urban street canyon where the width and height ratio is in unity. After validation, a model urban street canyon intersection was investigated in this work. The model shows a high pollutant concentration in the intersecting corner areas of the buildings. Additionally, the study of this model intersection shows a high level of pollutant concentration at the leeward wall of downwind building in the case of increased height of an upwind building. Most importantly, it was realized from the street intersection design that three-dimensional interconnection between the dominating canyon vortices and roof level flow plays a pivotal role in pollutant concentration level on the windward walls. The three-dimensional extent of corner eddies and their interconnections with dominating vortices were found to be extremely important as they facilitate enhanced ventilation. Corner eddies only form for the streets towards the freeway and not for the streets towards the intersection. The results and key findings of this work offer qualitative and quantitative data for the estimation, planning, and implementation of exposure mitigation in an urban environment.

History

Publication Date

2022-06-28

Journal

Atmosphere

Volume

13

Issue

7

Article Number

1028

Pagination

24p.

Publisher

MDPI

ISSN

2073-4433

Rights Statement

© 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).

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