Categorised as a Pidgin Derived Malay (PDM), Manado Malay (MM) is spoken throughout
northern Sulawesi and on islands to the south of the southern Philippines. After originally
functioning as regional lingua franca, it is now well established as the first language of up
to one million people. This paper examines the language-contact situation between MM and
two indigenous languages with a long presence in the region. Despite centuries of continued close contact, an examination of a range of typological features reveals minimal shared
features, almost none of which have arisen through borrowing. These results corroborate
multiple theories relating to language-contact outcomes, in particular the availability of different structural features for borrowing, the likely direction of any transfer, and the effect of
both linguistic and non-linguistic factors on the potential for intense bilingualism.
Research conducted in North Sulawesi was initially supported by a La Trobe University Postraduate Research Scholarship (LTUPS: 2011–2015) and a Disciplinary Research Program (DRP: 2016-1) grant. Subsequent funding was obtained through an Individual Postdoctoral Fellowship (IPF #0246) from the Endangered Languages Documentation Programme (ELDP) at SOAS, University of London, as well as from the Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for the Dynamics of Language (CoEDL) Linkage program.
JournalNUSA: Linguistic studies of languages in and around Indonesia
Pagination32p. (p. 159-190)
PublisherResearch Institute for Languages and Cultures of Asia and Africa. Tokyo University of Foreign Studies
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