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K-29 linked ubiquitination of Arrdc4 regulates its function in extracellular vesicle biogenesis

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posted on 21.09.2022, 03:44 authored by AU Farooq, K Gembus, JJ Sandow, A Webb, Suresh MathivananSuresh Mathivanan, JA Manning, SS Shah, NJ Foot, S Kumar
Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are important mediators of intercellular communication. However, EV biogenesis remains poorly understood. We previously defined a role for Arrdc4 (Arrestin domain containing protein 4), an adaptor for Nedd4 family ubiquitin ligases, in the biogenesis of EVs. Here we report that ubiquitination of Arrdc4 is critical for its role in EV secretion. We identified five potential ubiquitinated lysine residues in Arrdc4 using mass spectrometry. By analysing Arrdc4 lysine mutants we discovered that lysine 270 (K270) is critical for Arrdc4 function in EV biogenesis. Arrdc4K270R mutation caused a decrease in the number of EVs released by cells compared to Arrdc4WT, and a reduction in trafficking of divalent metal transporter (DMT1) into EVs. Furthermore, we also observed a decrease in DMT1 activity and an increase in its intracellular degradation in the presence of Arrdc4K270R. K270 was found to be ubiquitinated with K-29 polyubiquitin chains by the ubiquitin ligase Nedd4-2. Thus, our results uncover a novel role of K-29 polyubiquitin chains in Arrdc4-mediated EV biogenesis and protein trafficking.

Funding

This work was supported by the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) project grant (GNT1122437) to S.K. and S.M., as well as a NHMRC project grant (GNT1099307), a NHMRC Senior Principal Research Fellowship (GNT1103006), a NHMRC Investigator Grant (GNT2007739) and a University of South Australia support package to S.K. A.F. was supported by an Australian Postgraduate Award. We thank the School of Pharmacy and Medical Sciences Instrument & Facilities for NanoSight and members of our laboratory for helpful suggestions.

History

Publication Date

01/02/2022

Journal

Journal of Extracellular Vesicles

Volume

11

Issue

2

Article Number

e12188

Pagination

15p.

Publisher

Wiley

ISSN

2001-3078

Rights Statement

This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs License, which permits use and distribution in any medium, providedthe original work is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.© 2022 The Authors. Journal of Extracellular Vesicles published by Wiley Periodicals, LLC on behalf of the International Society for Extracellular Vesicles.

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