Importance of patellofemoral and tibiofemoral cartilage lesions on trajectory of self-reported outcomes in patients at high risk of knee OA: 4–6 years follow-up of patients undergoing meniscal surgery
journal contributionposted on 20.09.2021, 04:58 by EM Macri, Adam CulvenorAdam Culvenor, M Englund, K Pihl, C Varnum, R Knudsen, LS Lohmander, JB Thorlund
Objective: We evaluated whether patient-reported outcome trajectories (i.e., changes over time) differed by intraoperative compartmental cartilage lesion pattern over 4–6 years following arthroscopic meniscal surgery. Methods: In this ancillary study of the Knee Arthroscopy Cohort Southern Denmark cohort, we intraoperatively categorized cartilage lesions as isolated patellofemoral, isolated tibiofemoral, or combined patellofemoral/tibiofemoral. Participants completed the Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) pre-operatively, at 3 and 12 months, and at 4–6 years post-operatively and reported overall satisfaction at final follow-up. Our main outcome was KOOS4 (grand mean of four subscale means). We evaluated whether KOOS4 scores changed over time according to cartilage lesion patterns using adjusted mixed linear regression. We also estimated probability of treatment satisfaction using logistic regression. Results: Of 630 participants with complete cartilage scores, 280 (44%) were women, mean (standard deviation) age was 49 (13) years, and BMI was 27.3 (4.4) kg/m2. KOOS4 scores at baseline were slightly lower in all lesion groups compared to the no lesion group, yet only the combined group was statistically significantly lower. KOOS4 trajectories were similar across cartilage lesion patterns, but by final follow-up, adjusted mean KOOS4 scores were 6.8 (95% CI 2.2, 11.4) to 9.8 (1.1, 18.5) points lower in groups with cartilage lesions compared to the no lesion group. Probability of patient-reported satisfaction did not differ statistically by group. Conclusions: Though KOOS4 scores were slightly lower in groups with arthroscopically assessed cartilage lesions compared to the no lesion group, trajectories were similar across all groups.