Impact of diabetes mellitus on knee osteoarthritis pain and physical and mental status: Data from the osteoarthritis initiative
journal contributionposted on 13.07.2021, 04:46 by Annett Eitner, Adam CulvenorAdam Culvenor, Wolfgang Wirth, Hans‐Georg Schaible, Felix Eckstein
Objective: Diabetes mellitus (DM) appears to increase osteoarthritic knee pain, which may be related to greater adiposity and more advanced disease status often observed in individuals with osteoarthritis (OA) and DM. We aimed to assess whether OA knee pain and health status are worse in individuals with OA and DM, independent of these potential confounders. Methods: We included 202 OA participants with DM and 2,279 without DM from the Osteoarthritis Initiative. Knee pain was evaluated using the Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) and a numeric rating scale (NRS). Physical and mental status were assessed by the Medical Outcomes Study Short Form 12 (SF-12) questionnaire, physical component summary (PCS) score and mental component summary (MCS) score, and by the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D). Linear regression models assessed the influence of DM, adjusted for age, sex, body mass index (BMI), and radiographic severity. Results: OA participants with DM reported worse knee pain and greater physical and mental issues compared with participants without DM. Individuals with DM had worse KOOS pain (β = –4.72 [95% confidence interval (95% CI) –7.22, –2.23]) and worse NRS pain (β = 0.42 [95% CI 0.04, 0.80]) independent of BMI, OA severity, age, and sex. The negative influence of DM was also apparent for SF-12 PCS (β = –3.49 [95% CI –4.73, –2.25]), SF-12 MCS (β = –1.42 [95% CI –2.57, –0.26]), and CES-D (β = 1.08 [95% CI 0.08, 2.08]). Conclusion: Individuals with knee OA experience on average higher pain intensity and a worse physical and mental health status if they have DM. Linear regression models show that DM is a risk factor for higher pain, in addition to and independent of greater BMI and radiographic OA severity.