journal contribution posted on 01.06.2021, 05:51 by Rohit Vijh, Sabrina T Wong, Matthew Grandy, Sandra Peterson, Allison Ezzat, Andrew G Gibb, Nathaniel M Hawkins
BackgroundHeart failure (HF) poses a substantial global health burden, particularly in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The objective of this study was to validate an electronic medical record-based definition of HF in patients with COPD in primary care practices in the province of British Columbia, Canada.
MethodsWe conducted a cross-sectional retrospective chart review from Sept. 1, 2018, to Dec. 31, 2018, for a cohort of patients from primary care practices in BC whose physicians were recruited through the BC node of the Canadian Primary Care Sentinel Surveillance Network. Heart failure case definitions were developed by combining diagnostic codes, medication information and laboratory values available in primary care electronic medical records. These were compared with HF diagnoses identified through detailed chart review as the gold standard. Sensitivity, specificity, negative (NPV) and positive predictive values (PPV) were calculated for each definition.
ResultsCharts of 311 patients with COPD were reviewed, of whom 72 (23.2%) had HF. Five categories of definitions were constructed, all of which had appropriate sensitivity, specificity and NPV. The optimal case definition consisted of 1 HF billing code or a specific combination of medications for HF. This definition had an excellent specificity (93.3%, 95% confidence interval [CI] 89.4%-96.1%), sensitivity (90.3%, 95% CI 81.0%-96.0%), PPV (80.2%, 95% CI 69.9%-88.3%) and NPV (97.0%, 95% CI 93.8%-98.8%).
InterpretationThis comprehensive case definition improves upon previous primary care HF definitions to include medication codes and laboratory data, along with previously used billing codes. A case definition for HF was derived and validated and can be used with data from electronic medical records to identify HF in patients with COPD in primary care accurately.
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