La Trobe
1211580_Loblay,V_2022.pdf (263.37 kB)
Download file

Icing or cake? Grant competitions as a model for funding chronic disease prevention in Tasmania, Australia

Download (263.37 kB)
journal contribution
posted on 2023-08-28, 05:59 authored by V Loblay, Kate GarveyKate Garvey, Alan ShiellAlan Shiell, S Kavanagh, P Hawe
Competitive grant funding is a well-established mechanism for generating activity and interventions in the field of chronic disease prevention. Yet grant competitions may be burdensome for organizations, and money may not be enough to bring about lasting change in communities. In this study, we explore the dynamics of awarding and receiving money in the context of a state-level government grant competition to support community organizations and promote community-driven action for health and well-being in Tasmania, Australia. Drawing on reflections of successful grant recipients and real-Time observation of grant decision-making, we consider the role and value of grant competitions both for individual organizations and for generating broader change processes. We found that grant competitions operated according to an 'icing-on-The-cake' approach to funding, whereby money was provided for extra activities and new initiatives. In this way, the grant competition was valuable not only for stimulating new programme activities but also to effect broader organizational change, such as developing planning capacity, igniting new directions and pushing organizations towards 'health'-focused activities. But for smaller organizations, grant funding was often stretched to support core work (i.e. cake rather than icing). Grants targeting specific focus areas could be a drain on resources if they diverted staff time away from core activities. We suggest an alternative approach to funding in which grants are able to be more responsive to the needs of community organizations and the support they require, as well as to desired outcomes. We describe the policy response to the results to date.


This work was supported in part by the Australian Prevention Partnership Centre through the National Health and Medical Research Council [grant GNT 9100001].


Publication Date



Health Promotion International





Article Number





Oxford University Press



Rights Statement

© The Author(s) 2022. Published by Oxford University Press. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted reuse, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.