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Health-Related Quality of Life, Psychological Distress, and Sexual Changes Following Prostate Cancer: A Comparison of Gay and Bisexual Men With Heterosexual Men

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posted on 2023-01-10, 22:50 authored by JM Ussher, J Perz, A Kellett, S Chambers, D Latini, ID Davis, D Rose, Gary DowsettGary Dowsett, S Williams
Introduction: Decrements in health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and sexual difficulties are a recognized consequence of prostate cancer (PCa) treatment. However little is known about the experience of gay and bisexual (GB) men. Aim: HRQOL and psychosexual predictors of HRQOL were examined in GB and heterosexual men with PCa to inform targeted health information and support. Method: One hundred twenty-four GB and 225 heterosexual men with PCa completed a range of validated psychosexual instruments. Main outcome measure: Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy - Prostate (FACT-P) was used to measure HRQOL, with validated psychosexual measures, and demographic and treatment variables used as predictors. Results: GB men were significantly younger (64.25 years) than heterosexual men (71.54 years), less likely to be in an ongoing relationship, and more likely to have casual sexual partners. Compared with age-matched population norms, participants in both groups reported significantly lower sexual functioning and HRQOL, increased psychological distress, disruptions to dyadic sexual communication, and lower masculine self-esteem, sexual confidence, and sexual intimacy. In comparison with heterosexual men, GB men reported significantly lower HRQOL (P =046), masculine self-esteem (P <.001), and satisfaction with treatment (P =013); higher psychological distress (P =005), cancer related distress (P <.001) and ejaculatory concern (P <.001); and higher sexual functioning (P <.001) and sexual confidence (P =001). In regression analysis, psychological distress, cancer-related distress, masculine self-esteem, and satisfaction with treatment were predictors of HRQOL for GB men (R2Adj =804); psychological distress and sexual confidence were predictors for heterosexual men (R2Adj =690). Conclusion: These findings confirm differences between GB and heterosexual men in the impact of PCa on HRQOL across a range of domains, suggesting there is a need for GB targeted PCa information and support, to address the concerns of this "hidden population" in PCa care.


This study was funded by Prostate Cancer Foundation of Australia (PCFA), in the form of a new concept grant NCG 0512, in partnership with ANZUP (Australian and New Zealand Urogenital and Prostate Cancer Trials Group).


Publication Date



Journal of Sexual Medicine






10p. (p. 425-434)





Rights Statement

© 2016, The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. on behalf of the International Society for Sexual Medicine.This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (

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