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Guidance relevant to the reporting of health equity in observational research: a scoping review protocol

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posted on 22.06.2022, 04:51 authored by Anita Rizvi, Daeria O Lawson, Taryn Young, Omar Dewidar, Stuart Nicholls, Elie A Akl, Julian Little, Olivia Magwood, Larissa Shamseer, Elizabeth Ghogomu, Janet Elizabeth Jull, Tamara Rader, Zulfiqar Bhutta, Catherine ChamberlainCatherine Chamberlain, Holly Ellingwood, Regina Greer-Smith, Billie-Jo Hardy, Matire Harwood, Michelle Kennedy, Tamara Kredo, Elizabeth Loder, Michael Johnson J Mahande, Lawrence Mbuagbaw, Miriam Nkangu, Patrick M Okwen, Jacqueline Ramke, Janice Tufte, Peter Tugwell, Xiaoqin Wang, Charles Shey Wiysonge, Vivian A Welch
INTRODUCTION: Health inequities are defined as unfair and avoidable differences in health between groups within a population. Most health research is conducted through observational studies, which are able to offer real-world insights about etiology, healthcare policy/programme effectiveness and the impacts of socioeconomic factors. However, most published reports of observational studies do not address how their findings relate to health equity. Our team seeks to develop equity-relevant reporting guidance as an extension of the Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (STROBE) statement. This scoping review will inform the development of candidate items for the STROBE-Equity extension. We will operationalise equity-seeking populations using the PROGRESS-Plus framework of sociodemographic factors. As part of a parallel stream of the STROBE-Equity project, the relevance of candidate guideline items to Indigenous research will be led by Indigenous coinvestigators on the team. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will follow the Joanna Briggs Institute method for conducting scoping reviews. We will evaluate the extent to which the identified guidance supports or refutes our preliminary candidate items for reporting equity in observational studies. These candidate items were developed based on items from equity-reporting guidelines for randomised trials and systematic reviews, developed by members of this team. We will consult with our knowledge users, patients/public partners and Indigenous research steering committee to invite suggestions for relevant guidance documents and interpretation of findings. If the identified guidance suggests the need for additional candidate items, they will be developed through inductive thematic analysis. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: We will follow a principled approach that promotes ethical codevelopment with our community partners, based on principles of cultural safety, authentic partnerships, addressing colonial structures in knowledge production and the shared ownership, interpretation, and dissemination of research. All products of this research will be published as open access.

Funding

This work was supported by the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (grant number 173269).

History

Publication Date

01/05/2022

Journal

BMJ Open

Volume

12

Issue

5

Article Number

e056875

Pagination

9p.

Publisher

BMJ Publishing Group

ISSN

2044-6055

Rights Statement

© Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2022. Re- use permitted under CC BY- NC. No commercial re- use. See rights and permissions. Published by BMJ. This is an open access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY- NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non- commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited, appropriate credit is given, any changes made indicated, and the use is non- commercial. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/