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Genome Enhanced Marker Improvement for Potato Virus Y Disease Resistance in Potato

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Potato is an important food crop worldwide and is grown in a large number of countries. As such, the crop is under disease pressures and the need for selecting disease resistance genes during breeding programs is essential. Of particular importance within Australia and other parts of the world is the potyvirus, Potato virus Y (PVY). In this paper, three commonly used PVY resistance markers, M45, RYSC3 and M6, were evaluated using existing genomic resources and phenotypic data from the Australian potato breeding program to identify a region where the PVY resistance gene, Ryadg may reside. A region of Chromosome XI was investigated, and a cluster of disease resistance genes was identified that the resistance gene Ryadg is suspected to reside within. Protein characterization was also performed on the putative resistant gene. A specific variant that had complete association with the resistance gene was identified and a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) assay was designed to avoid dissociation of marker and gene in future breeding programs. This SNP marker (SNP37279) was validated as a Kompetitive Allele-specific PCR (KASP) genotyping assay and was found to perform more accurately than all previously used markers for detecting Ryadg.

Funding

This research was funded by Victorian Department of Jobs, Precincts and Regions. Brittney Caruana was the recipient of an Australian Postgraduate Award.

History

Publication Date

01/05/2021

Journal

AGRONOMY-BASEL

Volume

11

Issue

5

Article Number

ARTN 832

Pagination

13p.

Publisher

MDPI

Rights Statement

The Author reserves all moral rights over the deposited text and must be credited if any re-use occurs. Documents deposited in OPAL are the Open Access versions of outputs published elsewhere. Changes resulting from the publishing process may therefore not be reflected in this document. The final published version may be obtained via the publisher’s DOI. Please note that additional copyright and access restrictions may apply to the published version.