Genome Enhanced Marker Improvement for Potato Virus Y Disease Resistance in Potato
journal contributionposted on 03.06.2021, 00:54 by Brittney CaruanaBrittney Caruana, Brendan RodoniBrendan Rodoni, Fiona ConstableFiona Constable, Anthony T Slater, Noel CoganNoel Cogan
Potato is an important food crop worldwide and is grown in a large number of countries. As such, the crop is under disease pressures and the need for selecting disease resistance genes during breeding programs is essential. Of particular importance within Australia and other parts of the world is the potyvirus, Potato virus Y (PVY). In this paper, three commonly used PVY resistance markers, M45, RYSC3 and M6, were evaluated using existing genomic resources and phenotypic data from the Australian potato breeding program to identify a region where the PVY resistance gene, Ryadg may reside. A region of Chromosome XI was investigated, and a cluster of disease resistance genes was identified that the resistance gene Ryadg is suspected to reside within. Protein characterization was also performed on the putative resistant gene. A specific variant that had complete association with the resistance gene was identified and a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) assay was designed to avoid dissociation of marker and gene in future breeding programs. This SNP marker (SNP37279) was validated as a Kompetitive Allele-specific PCR (KASP) genotyping assay and was found to perform more accurately than all previously used markers for detecting Ryadg.