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General dentists' knowledge, perceptions, and practices regarding oral potentially malignant disorders and oral cancer in Indonesia

journal contribution
posted on 2024-02-18, 23:32 authored by Elizabeth SariElizabeth Sari, W Hidayat, TS Dewi, S Rezeki, R Krimadi, MJ McCullough, N Cirillo
Introduction: The most effective means for reducing oral cancer (OC) mortality is by preventing late-stage disease. Early diagnosis can be improved by increasing awareness among healthcare providers, specifically general dental practitioners (GDP). Therefore, our study aimed to assess GDPs' knowledge of OC risk factors and perceived competence in performing conventional oral examination (COE) in routine dental practice. Material and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted in five provinces of Indonesia, namely: Aceh, Banda Aceh (BA); Bandung, West Java (WJ); special district Jakarta (JKT), JKT; Pontianak, West Kalimantan (WK); and Sorong, West Papua (WP). The local Dental Association or Faculty of Dentistry invited the GDPs to attend an education program and complete the survey. Results: One hundred seventy-seven GDPs completed the survey (WJ, n = 63; BA, n = 44, JKT, n = 27; WP, n = 23; and WP, n = 20). A large proportion (164 out of 177, 92.66%) of GDPs felt they had received insufficient training to equip them to diagnose OC and as many as 22.6% (n = 40) did not refer to specialists when they found suspicious mucosal lesions. Notwithstanding the significant regional variations, the majority of Indonesian GDPs self-reported inadequate knowledge and awareness of OC and scarce confidence in performing COE. Conclusion: GDP knowledge of OC risk factors and COE is key to improving early diagnosis of OC at a community level. Therefore, it is suggested that the lack of knowledge and confidence of GDPs reported here should be addressed through the national dental curriculum in Indonesia.

Funding

This research was funded in part by Australian Dental Research Foundation Inc (Grant ID: 109-2016) and Indonesian Endowment Fund for Education (LPDP).

History

Publication Date

2024-02-01

Journal

Clinical and Experimental Dental Research

Volume

10

Issue

1

Pagination

11p.

Publisher

Wiley

ISSN

2057-4347

Rights Statement

© 2023 The Authors. Clinical and Experimental Dental Research published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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