Factors Associated With Individual Emergency Preparedness Behaviors: A Cross-Sectional Survey Among the Public in Three Chinese Provinces
journal contributionposted on 02.07.2021, 05:15 by N Ning, M Hu, J Qiao, Chaojie Liu, Xiaowen ZHAO, W Xu, B Zheng, Z Chen, Y Yu, Yanhua Hao, Qunhong Wu
Introduction: This study aimed to identify factors associated with individual emergency preparedness behaviors which play an important role in effective emergency response. Methods: Data were drawn from a cross-sectional survey conducted in China's Heilongjiang, Guangdong and Sichuan provinces in 2017. Questionnaires were administered through face-to-face interviews, and 2,506 were valid for data analyses. A structural equation model was established to test the direct and indirect effects of the relevant factors on individual emergency preparedness behaviors. Results: Low levels of emergency preparedness were found: 28% of respondents reported being fully/partly prepared. The attitudes of the respondents toward emergency preparedness had the strongest association with emergency preparedness behaviors, with a total effect of 0.483. This was followed by self-efficacy (0.305) and training/exercise (0.295). Risk perception had the weakest effect (0.045) on emergency preparedness behaviors. Discussion: Improving attitudes of the public as well as their ability to prepare for emergency events is important for effective emergency management.
This research was funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (71874044, 71473065, 71673072).
JournalFrontiers in Public Health
Article NumberARTN 644421
PublisherFRONTIERS MEDIA SA
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Science & TechnologyLife Sciences & BiomedicinePublic, Environmental & Occupational Healthindividual emergency preparedness behaviorsemergency managementstructural equation modelcross-sectional surveyrisk perceptionDISASTERRISKKNOWLEDGEPEOPLEHumansEmergenciesCross-Sectional StudiesCivil DefenseChinaSurveys and Questionnaires