Extrusion-Based Bioprinted Boron Nitride Nanotubes Reinforced Alginate Scaffolds: Mechanical, Printability and Cell Viability Evaluation
journal contributionposted on 19.09.2022, 06:31 authored by Akesh Babu KakarlaAkesh Babu Kakarla, Ing KongIng Kong, C Kong, Helen IrvingHelen Irving
Alginate (Alg) hydrogels are commonly used as bioinks in 3D bioprinting. However, one of the significant drawbacks of using Alg hydrogels is their unstable mechanical properties. In this study, a novel hydrogel-based ink composed of Alg reinforced with functionalised boron nitride nanotubes (f-BNNTs) was developed and systematic quantitative characterisation was conducted to validate its printability, physiochemical properties and biocompatibility. The printability, contact angle and mechanical test results indicated good structural stability of the scaffolds. The thermal stability of the scaffolds increased with the incorporation of f-BNNTs into Alg. Human embryonic kidney cells (HEK 293T) were seeded on the scaffolds and the cell viability was recorded for 24, 48 and 72 h. Quantitative studies showed a slight effect on toxicity with a higher concentration of BNNTs in scaffolds. The results suggest that the 3D printable f-BNNTs reinforced Alg could be used as bioink for tissue engineering applications with further studies on biocompatibility.