La Trobe
99664_Nguyen,H_2016.pdf (892.1 kB)

Extracellular vesicles in the intrauterine environment: Challenges and potential functions

Download (892.1 kB)
journal contribution
posted on 06.08.2021, 06:40 by HPT Nguyen, Richard SimpsonRichard Simpson, LA Salamonsen, David GreeningDavid Greening
Extracellular vesicles (EVs), including exosomes (30-150 nm) and microvesicles (100-1500 nm), play important roles in mediating cell-cell communication. Such particles package distinct cargo elements, including lipids, proteins, mRNAs, microRNAs, and DNA, that vary depending on the cell of origin and its phenotype. This cargo can be horizontally transferred to target cells where its components can reprogram the recipient cell to modify its function. EVs have been identified within the uterine cavity of women, sheep, and mice, where they contribute to the microenvironment of sperm transport, and of blastocyst and endometrial preparation for implantation. It is likely that exosomes and microvesicles carry different cargo and coordinate different roles in this intrauterine environment. Understanding and defining these subtypes of EVs is important for future functional studies and clinical translation. Here we critically review the various purification and validation procedures for extracellular vesicle analysis and discuss what is known of endometrial-derived exosome cargo and of their hormonal regulation. The current knowledge of the functions of uterine exosomes, with respect to sperm transport and function, and of their actions on trophectodermal cells to promote implantation are summarized and evaluated in their physiological context. Given the potential importance of this form of cell-cell interactions within the reproductive tract, the critical issues discussed will guide new insights in this rapidly expanding field.

History

Publication Date

01/11/2016

Journal

Biology of Reproduction

Volume

95

Issue

5

Article Number

109

Pagination

12p.

Publisher

Society for the Study of Reproduction

ISSN

0006-3363

Rights Statement

The Author reserves all moral rights over the deposited text and must be credited if any re-use occurs. Documents deposited in OPAL are the Open Access versions of outputs published elsewhere. Changes resulting from the publishing process may therefore not be reflected in this document. The final published version may be obtained via the publisher’s DOI. Please note that additional copyright and access restrictions may apply to the published version.