La Trobe
1158868_Rahimi,M_2021.pdf (3.67 MB)
Download file

Environmental policy making in supply chains under ambiguity and competition: a fuzzy Stackelberg game approach

Download (3.67 MB)
journal contribution
posted on 14.04.2021, 21:50 by M Rahimi, A Hafezalkotob, Sobhan AsianSobhan Asian, L Martínez
Despite the substantial efforts of governments in promoting sustainable development, there exists considerable debate regarding the environmental policy making approach under information ambiguity and competition. This study investigates market competition between a green and a non-green supply chain (SC) under two government regulation policies, namely, selling price and production quantities. To tackle the policy making challenges, a fuzzy game theoretical model was employed in a centralized and decentralized SC setting. The results revealed that SCs always achieve a higher expected profit under a decentralized structure, regardless of the type of the governments intervention policy. Also, the government’s policy making success was found to be highly dependent on the channel leadership, market competition, and the SC structure. Our findings suggest that the policy makers’ objectives in reducing environmental pollution and increasing revenue are highly achievable, without risk of losing channel coordination and maximum level of efficiency.


This research was partially funded by the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness through the Spanish National Research Projects PGC2018-099402-B-I00. This research was also partially supported by a Social Research Platform Grant from La Trobe University.


Publication Date








Article Number



p. 1-24





Rights Statement

The Author reserves all moral rights over the deposited text and must be credited if any re-use occurs. Documents deposited in OPAL are the Open Access versions of outputs published elsewhere. Changes resulting from the publishing process may therefore not be reflected in this document. The final published version may be obtained via the publisher’s DOI. Please note that additional copyright and access restrictions may apply to the published version.