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Environmental factors that influence communication for patients with a communication disability in acute hospital stroke units: A qualitative metasynthesis

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posted on 2023-05-18, 01:25 authored by Robyn O'HalloranRobyn O'Halloran, B Grohn, BS Path, L Worrall
Environmental factors that influence communication for patients with a communication disability in acute hospital stroke units: a qualitative metasynthesis. To develop a taxonomy of the environmental factors that influence communication between patients with communication disabilities and their health care providers in hospital stroke units. We conducted a metasynthesis of 3 qualitative studies conducted by our research team on the environmental factors that influence communication between patients and health care providers in hospital stroke units. These studies identified environmental factors which influence communication from the perspectives of 10 patients with communication disabilities, 10 health care providers, and by direct observation of 65 patients interacting with health care providers. The findings of each study formed the data for the metasynthesis. The findings of the qualitative studies were analyzed and then synthesized using reciprocal translation. The environmental factors were grouped into 11 higher order categories and 2 overall themes. The themes were (1) health care providers (knowledge, skills, attitude, experience, characteristics) and (2) stroke unit structure and processes (patient opportunities to communicate, family, use of communication aids and equipment, opportunities to learn, policies and procedures, physical environment). Acute stroke inpatients with communication disabilities need knowledgeable and skilled health care providers to communicate as effectively as possible. However, there are many environmental barriers and facilitators at the level of stroke unit structures and processes that also impact on the ability of health care providers to communicate with patients. Interventions to improve the communicative accessibility of stroke units need to focus on health care providers and on the processes that govern the unit. © 2012 American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine.

Funding

Supported by the Centre for Clinical Research Excellence in Aphasia Rehabilitation and an Australian Postgraduate Award.

History

Publication Date

2012-01-01

Journal

Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

Volume

93

Issue

1

Pagination

9p. (p. S77-S85)

Publisher

Elsevier

ISSN

1532-821X

Rights Statement

© 2012. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

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