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Elevated CO₂ and temperature increase grain oil concentration but their impacts on grain yield differ between soybean and maize grown in a temperate region

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posted on 10.02.2021, 04:48 by Yunfa Qiao, Shujie Miao, Qi Li, Jian JinJian Jin, Xiaosan Luo, Caixian TangCaixian Tang
© 2019 Elsevier B.V. The increases in CO 2 concentration and attendant temperature are likely to impact agricultural production. This study investigated the effects of elevated temperature alone and in combination with CO 2 enrichment on grain yield and quality of soybean (Glycine max) and maize (Zea mays) grown in a Mollisol over five-year growing seasons. Plants were grown in open-top chambers with the ambient control, 2.1 °C increase in air temperature (eT) and eT together with 700 ppm atmospheric CO 2 concentration (eTeCO 2 ). While eTeCO 2 but not eT increased the mean grain yield of soybean by 31%, eTeCO 2 and eT increased the yield of maize similarly by around 25% compared to the ambient control. Furthermore, eT and eTeCO 2 did not significantly affect grain protein of either species but consistently increased oil concentrations in grains of both species with eTeCO 2 increasing more. The eT increased grain Fe concentration relative to the control treatment but decreased Ca concentration, while the relative concentrations of P, K, Mn and Zn varied with crop species. The elevated CO 2 enlarged the eT effect on Fe concentration, but decreased the effect on Ca concentration. The results suggest that crop selection is important to maximize yield benefits and to maintain grain quality to cope with elevated CO 2 and temperature of future climate change in this temperate region where the temperature is near or below the optimal temperature for crop production.


The research was supported by Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest (201503116-03), the National Key Research and Development Program of China (2017YFD0300300), National Natural Science Foundation of China (41471240), and YQ received an Overseas Visiting Scholarship from Jiangsu Provincial Government.


Publication Date



Science of The Total Environment




9p. (p. 405-413)


Elsevier BV



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