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17LiYS Jin FrontPlant Sci Elevated CO2 Increases Nitrogen Fixation at the Reproductive Phase Contributing to Various Yield Responses of Soybean Cultivars.pdf (1.69 MB)

Elevated CO2 increases nitrogen fixation at the reproductive phase contributing to various yield responses of soybean cultivars

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posted on 06.01.2021, 05:12 by Yansheng Li, Zhenhua Yu, Xiaobing Liu, Ulrike Mathesius, Guanghua Wang, Caixian Tang, Junjiang Wu, Judong Liu, Shaoqing Zhang, Jian Jin
© 2017 Li, Yu, Liu, Mathesius, Wang, Tang, Wu, Liu, Zhang and Jin. Nitrogen deficiency limits crop performance under elevated CO2 (eCO2), depending on the ability of plant N uptake. However, the dynamics and redistribution of N2 fixation, and fertilizer and soil N use in legumes under eCO2 have been little studied. Such an investigation is essential to improve the adaptability of legumes to climate change. We took advantage of genotype-specific responses of soybean to increased CO2 to test which N-uptake phenotypes are most strongly related to enhanced yield. Eight soybean cultivars were grown in open-top chambers with either 390 ppm (aCO2) or 550 ppm CO2 (eCO2). The plants were supplied with 100mg N kg−1 soil as15N-labeled calcium nitrate, and harvested at the initial seed-filling (R5) and full-mature (R8) stages. Increased yield in response to eCO2 correlated highly (r = 0.95) with an increase in symbiotically fixed N during the R5 to R8 stage. In contrast, eCO2 only led to small increases in the uptake of fertilizer-derived and soil-derived N during R5 to R8, and these increases did not correlate with enhanced yield. Elevated CO2 also decreased the proportion of seed N redistributed from shoot to seeds, and this decrease strongly correlated with increased yield. Moreover, the total N uptake was associated with increases in fixed-N per nodule in response to eCO2, but not with changes in nodule biomass, nodule density, or root length.

History

Publication Date

01/01/2017

Journal

Frontiers in Plant Science

Volume

8

Article Number

1546

Pagination

10p. (p. 1-10)

Publisher

Frontiers Research Foundation

ISSN

1664-462X

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