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Dysregulated Gene Expression in Lymphoblasts from Parkinson’s Disease

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Parkinson’s disease is the second largest neurodegenerative disease worldwide and is caused by a combination of genetics and environment. It is characterized by the death of neurons in the substantia nigra of the brain but is not solely a disease of the brain, as it affects multiple tissues and organs. Studying Parkinson’s disease in accessible tissues such as skin and blood has increased our understanding of the disease’s pathogenesis. Here, we used lymphoblast cell lines generated from Parkinson’s disease patient and healthy age-and sex-matched control groups and obtained their whole-cell transcriptomes and proteomes. Our analysis revealed, in both the transcriptomes and the proteomes of PD cells, a global downregulation of genes involved in protein synthesis, as well as the upregulation of immune processes and sphingolipid metabolism. In contrast, we discovered an uncoupling of mRNA and protein expression in processes associated with mitochondrial respiration in the form of a general downregulation in associated transcripts and an upregulation in proteins. Complex V was different to the other oxidative phosphorylation complexes in that the levels of its associated transcripts were also lower, but the levels of their encoded polypeptides were not elevated. This may suggest that further layers of regulation specific to Complex V are in play.

Funding

This research was funded jointly by the MJ Fox Foundation and Shake It Up Australia Foundation (Grant ID: 10862).

History

Publication Date

2022-06-01

Journal

Proteomes

Volume

10

Issue

2

Article Number

20

Pagination

21p.

Publisher

MDPI

ISSN

2227-7382

Rights Statement

© 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).

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