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Demographic and substance use factors associated with non-violent alcohol-related injuries among patrons of Australian night-time entertainment districts

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posted on 2023-04-21, 01:03 authored by Kerri Coomber, Richelle Mayshak, Shannon Hyder, Nicolas Droste, Ashlee Curtis, Amy PennayAmy Pennay, William Gilmore, Tina Lam, Tanya Chikritzhs, Peter Miller
This study examined the relationship between patron demographics, substance use, and experience of recent alcohol-related accidents and injuries that were not due to interpersonal violence in night-time entertainment districts. Cross-sectional interviews (n = 4016) were conducted around licensed venues in entertainment districts of five Australian cities. Demographic factors associated with non-violent alcohol-related injuries were examined, including gender, age, and occupation. The association between substance use on the night of interview; blood alcohol concentration (BAC), pre-drinking, energy drink consumption, and illicit drug use; and experience of injury was also explored. Thirteen percent of participants reported an alcohol-related injury within the past three months. Respondents aged younger than 25 years were significantly more likely to report an alcohol-related injury. Further, a significant occupation effect was found indicating the rate of alcohol-related injury was lower in managers/professionals compared to non-office workers. The likelihood of prior alcohol-related injury significantly increased with BAC, and self-reported pre-drinking, energy drink, or illicit drug consumption on the night of interview. These findings provide an indication of the demographic and substance use-related associations with alcohol-related injuries and, therefore, potential avenues of population-level policy intervention. Policy responses to alcohol-related harm must also account for an assessment and costing of non-violent injuries.


The current study was funded by a grant from the National Drug Law Enforcement Research Fund. Amy Pennay is funded by a National Health and Medical Research Council Early Career Fellowship (APP1069907). Tina Lam is funded by an Early Career Research Fellowship from the Western Australian Health Promotion Foundation (24106). The National Drug Research Institute at Curtin University is supported by funding from the Australian Government under the Substance Misuse Prevention and Service Improvement Grants Fund.


Publication Date



International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health





Article Number



9p. (p. 1-9)





Rights Statement

© 2017 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) license (

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