1202428_Wong,J_2022.pdf (1.78 MB)
Crucial Convolution: Genetic and Molecular Mechanisms of Coiling during Epididymis Formation and Development in Embryogenesis
journal contributionposted on 2022-10-11, 23:37 authored by Joanne WongJoanne Wong, Jemma GasperoniJemma Gasperoni, Jarrad FullerJarrad Fuller, Sylvia Grommen, Bert De GroefBert De Groef, Cathryn HogarthCathryn Hogarth, Sebastian DworkinSebastian Dworkin
As embryonic development proceeds, numerous organs need to coil, bend or fold in order to establish their final shape. Generally, this occurs so as to maximise the surface area for absorption or secretory functions (e.g., in the small and large intestines, kidney or epididymis); however, mechanisms of bending and shaping also occur in other structures, notably the midbrain– hindbrain boundary in some teleost fish models such as zebrafish. In this review, we will examine known genetic and molecular factors that operate to pattern complex, coiled structures, with a primary focus on the epididymis as an excellent model organ to examine coiling. We will also discuss genetic mechanisms involving coiling in the seminiferous tubules and intestine to establish the final form and function of these coiled structures in the mature organism.