La Trobe
1205799_Mitchell,M_2022.pdf (446.44 kB)

Criminalising Gender Diversity: Trans and Gender Diverse People’s Experiences with the Victorian Criminal Legal System

Download (446.44 kB)
journal contribution
posted on 2022-07-28, 04:35 authored by Matthew MitchellMatthew Mitchell, Adrien McCrory, Isabelle Skaburskis, Brenda Appleton
Trans and gender diverse (TGD) people are disproportionately criminalised and face unique vulnerabilities when interacting with the criminal legal system. However, very little is known about TGD people’s experiences of criminalisation in Australia or the strategies TGD people and their advocates use to navigate the criminal legal system. Based on survey responses from TGD people with lived experience of criminalisation and lawyers with experience representing TGD clients, this article identifies several critical issues with the criminal legal system’s treatment of TGD people and outlines the strategies TGD people and their representatives suggest to address these issues. On this basis, we argue that criminologists and criminal legal practitioners urgently need to interrogate and work towards ameliorating the criminal legal system’s treatment of gender diversity. These insights will be crucial in informing future advocacy efforts and reform agendas, given that knowledge in this area is severely lacking.


Publication Date



International Journal for Crime, Justice and Social Democracy








Queensland University of Technology



Rights Statement

© The Author/s 2022. Except where otherwise noted, content in this journal is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.