La Trobe
1183767_Haque,M_2021.pdf (1011.9 kB)

Coronavirus disease 2019 and future pandemics: Impacts on livestock health and production and possible mitigation measures

Download (1011.9 kB)
journal contribution
posted on 2021-12-06, 06:23 authored by MH Haque, MA Islam, MR Karim, MEH Kayesh, Subir SarkerSubir Sarker, KHMNH Nazir, MS Anwer
The World Health Organization declared coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) a pandemic on March 11, 2020. COVID-19, the current global health emergency, is wreaking havoc on human health systems and, to a lesser degree, on animals globally. The outbreak has continued since the first report of COVID-19 in China in December 2019, and the second and third waves of the outbreak have already begun in several countries. COVID-19 is expected to have adverse effects on crop production, food security, integrated pest control, tourism, the car industry, and other sectors of the global economy. COVID-19 induces a range of effects in livestock that is reflected economically since human health and livelihood are intertwined with animal health. We summarize the potentially harmful effects of COVID-19 on livestock and possible mitigation steps in response to this global outbreak. Mitigation of the negative effects of COVID-19 and future pandemics on livestock requires the implementation of current guidelines.


Publication Date



Veterinary World






10p. (p. 2434-2443)


Veterinary World



Rights Statement

Copyright: Haque, et al. Open Access. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver ( applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

Usage metrics

    Journal Articles


    No categories selected